Oxidation and Reduction Reactions

The oxidation and reduction reactions occur when electrons are lost or gained, respectively, in a chemical substrate. As a result, the functional groups of the molecule are transformed into others with a different oxidation state.

In this section, we list the most significant named organic reactions classified according to the type of chemical reaction. Among the named organic reactions of the type oxidations and reductions we can highlight the following:

Acyloin condensation

Acyloin condensation

References:
S.M. McElvain in Organic Reactions, Vol. 4, p. 256(New York, 1948)

Adkins catalyst

Adkins catalyst

References:
H. Adkins, Reactions of Hydrogen with Organic Compounds over Chromium Oxide and Nickel Catalysts, p12 (Madison, Wisconsin, 1937)

Adkins-Peterson reaction

Adkins-Peterson reaction

References:
H. Adkins, W.R. Peterson, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 53, 1512 (1931)

Akabori amino-acid reaction

Akabori amino-acid reaction
Akabori amino-acid reaction

References:
S. Akabori, J. Chem. Soc. Japan, 52, 606 (1931)
S. Akabori, Ber, 66, 143,151 (1933)
S. Akabori, J. Chem. Soc. Japan, 64, 608 (1943)

Andrussov oxidation (Andrussov process)

Andrussov oxidation (Andrussov process)

References:
L. Andrussov, Ber. 60, 2005 (1927)

Bouveault–Blanc reduction (Bouveault-Blanc reaction)

Bouveault–Blanc reduction (Bouveault-Blanc reaction)

References:
L. Bouveault and G. Blanc, Compt. Rend. 136, 1676 (1903)

Cannizzaro reaction

Cannizzaro reaction

References:
S. Cannizzaro, Ann., 88, 129 (1853)
K. List, H. Limpricht, Ann, 90, 180 (1854)

Clemmensen reduction

Clemmensen reduction

References:
E. Clemmensen, Ber. 46, 1837 (1913)
E. Clemmensen, Ber. 47, 51 (1914)
E. Clemmensen, Ber. 47, 681 (1914)

Corey-Bakshi-Shibata reduction (Corey-Itsuno reduction)

Corey-Bakshi-Shibata reduction (Corey-Itsuno reduction)

References:
E. J. Corey et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109, 5551 (1987)
D. J. Mathre et al., J. Org. Chem. 58, 2880 (1993)
E. J. Corey et al., J. am. Chem. Soc. 119, 11769 (1997)

Corey-Kim oxidation

Corey-Kim oxidation

References:
E. J. Corey, C. U. Kim, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 94, 7586 (1972)
E. J. Corey, C. U. Kim. Tetrahedron Letters 1974, 287

Creighton process

Creighton process

References:
H.J. Creighton, U.S. patent 1612361 (1926)
H.J. Creighton, U.S. patent 1653004 (1927)
H.J. Creighton, U.S. patent 1712951 (1929)
H.J. Creighton, U.S. patent 1712952 (1929)
H.J. Creighton, U.S. patent 1990582 (1934)
H.J. Creighton, Trans. Electrochem. Soc. 75, 301 (1939)

Criegee oxidation

Reacción de Criegee

References:
R. Criegee, Ber. 64, 260 (1933)
Newer Methods of Preparative Organic Chemistry, R. Criegee, vol. 1 (Interscience, New York, 1948) pp 12-20

Oxidacion de Dakin

Reacción de Dakin

References:
H.D. Dakin, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 42, 477 (1909)

Dess-Martin oxidation

Dess-Martin oxidation

References:
D.B. Dess, J.C. Martin, J. Org. Chem. 48, 4155 (1983)
R.J. Linderman, D.M. Graves, J. Org. Chem. 54, 661 (1989)

Elbs persulfate oxidation

Elbs persulfate oxidation

References:
K. Elbs, J. Prakt. Chemie 48,179 (1893)
W. Baker, N. C. Brown and J. A. Scott, J. Chem. Soc. 1939, 1922
W. Baker and N. C. Brown, J. Chem. Soc. 1948, 2303

Étard reaction

Reacción de Etard

References:
A.L. Etard, Compt. Rend. 90, 534 (1880);
A.L. Etard Ann. Chim. Phys. [5] 22, 218 (1881).

Fenton reaction

Fenton reaction

References:
H.J.H. Fenton, Proc. Chem. Soc. 9, I, 113 (1893)
H.J.H. Fenton, J. Chem Soc. 65, 899 (1894); 67, 774 (1895)
H.J.H. Fenton, H. Jackson J Chem. Soc. 75, 1 (1899)

Frankland-Duppa reaction

Frankland-Duppa reaction

References:
E. Frankland, Ann. 126, 109 (1863)
E. Frankland, B.F. Duppa Ann. 135, 25 (1865)

Freund reaction

Freund reaction

References:
A. Freund, Monatsh. 3, 625 (1882)
G. Gustavson, J. Prakt. Chem. 36, 300 (1887)
H. B. Hass et al., Ind. Eng. Chem. 28, 1178 (1936).

Guerbet reaction

References:
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 128, 511 (1899)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 146, 300 (1908)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 146, 1405 (1908)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 149, 129 (1909)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 150, 183 (1910)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 154, 222 (1912)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 154, 713 (1912)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 154, 1357 (1912)
M. Guerbet, Compt. Rend. 155, 1156 (1912)

Harries ozonolysis

Harries ozonolysis

References:
C. Harries, Ann. 343, 311 (1905)
H. Staudinger, Ber. 58, 1088 (1924)
L. Long, Chem. Reus. 27, 437 (1940)

Hooker reaction

Hooker reaction

References:
S.C. Hooker, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 1174 (1936)
S.C. Hooker, A. Steyermark, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 1179 (1936)
L.F. Fieser, M. Fieser, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 70, 3215 (1948)
L.F. Fieser, A.R. Bader, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 73, 681 (1951)

Jones oxidation

References:
K. Bowden et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1946, 39
P. Bladon et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1951, 2402
E.R.AH. Jones et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1953, 457
E.R.AH. Jones et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1953, 2548
E.R.AH. Jones et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1953, 3019

Malaprade oxidation

Malaprade oxidation

References:
L. Malaprade, Bull. Soc. Chim. France 43, 683 (1928)
L. Malaprade, Compt. Rend. 186, 382 (1928)

McMurry reaction

McMurry reaction

References:
J.E. McMurry, M.P. Fleming, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 96, 4708 (1974)
J.E. McMurry, T. Lectka, J.G. Rico, J. Org. Chem. 54, 3748 (1989)

Mignonac reaction

Mignonac reaction

References:
G. Mignonac, Compt. Rend. 172, 223 (1921)

Hidrogenación asimétrica de Noyori

Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation

References:
T. Ikariya et al. Chem. Commun. 1985, 922
R. Noyori et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 108, 7117 (1986)
M. Kitamura et al., Org. Syn. 71, 1 (1993)

Oppenauer oxidation

Oppenauer oxidation

References:
R. V. Oppenauer, Rec. Trav. Chirn. 56, 137 (1937).

Pfitzner-Moffatt oxidation

Pfitzner-Moffatt oxidation

References:
K. E. Pfitzner, J. G. Moffatt, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 85, 3027 (1963)
J. G. Moffatt, «Sulfoxide-Carbodiimide and Related Oxidations» in Oxidation vol. 2, R.L. Augustine, D. Trecker, Eds. (Dekker, New York 1971) pp 1-64

Pinacol coupling reaction

Pinacol coupling reaction

References:
R. Fittig. Ann. 110, 17 (1859)
G.M. Robertson, Comp. Org. Syn. 3, 563 (1991)

Pummerer rearrangement

Reacción de Pummerer

References:
R. Pummerer, Ber. 43, 1401 (1910)
Horner, Kaiser, Annn. 626, 19 (1959)

Riley oxidation (selenium dioxide)

Riley oxidation (selenium dioxide)

References:
H. L. Riley, J. F. Morley, and N. A. C. Friend, J. Chem. Soc. 1932, 1875.

Rubottom oxidation

Rubottom oxidation

References:
A.G. Brook, D.M. Macrae, J. Organometal. Chem. 77, C19 (1974)
A. Hassner et al., J. Org. Chem. 40, 3427 (1975)
G.M. Rubottom et al., Tetrahedron Letters 1974, 4319

Saegusa-Ito oxidation

Oxidación de Saegusa

References:
Y. Ito et al., J. Org. Chem. 43, 1011 (1978)
M. Kim. et al., Synth. Commun. 20, 989 (1990)
S. Porth et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 38, 2015 (1999)

Sarett oxidation

Sarett oxidation

References:
G.I. Poos, G. E. Arth, R. E. Beyler and L. H. Sarett, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 422 (1953).
J.R. Holum, J. Org. Chem. 26, 4814 (1961)

Staudinger reaction

Staudinger reaction

References:
H. Staudinger, J. Meyer, Helv. Chim. Acta 2, 635 (1919)
Y.G. Gololobov et al, Tetrahedron 37, 437 (1981)

Swern oxidation

Swern oxidation

References:
K. Omura, D. Swern, Tetrahedron 34, 1651 (1978)
M. Marx, T.T. Tidwell, J. Org. Chem. 49, 788 (1984)

Wacker process

Oxidación de Wacker

References:
J. Smidt et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 1, 176 (1959)
S.X. Auclair et al., Tetrahedron Letters 33, 7739 (1992)
E. Monflier et al. Tetrahedron Letters, 36, 387 (1995)

Willgerodt-Kindler reaction

Willgerodt-Kindler reaction

References:
C. Willgerodt, Ber. 20, 2467 (1887)
C. Willgerodt, Ber. 21, 534 (1888)
K. Kindler, Ann. 431, 193 (1923)
K. Kindler, Arch. Pharm. 265, 289 (1927)

Wolff-Kishner reduction

Wolff-Kishner reduction

References:
N. Kishner, J. Russ. Phys. Chem. Soc. 43, 582 (1911)
N. Kishner, J. Russ. Phys. Chem. Soc. 6, 347 (1912)
L. Wolff, Ann. 394, 86 (1912)

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